There are two types of abstracts: informational and descriptive.
To write an effective report abstract, follow these four steps.
Reread your report with the purpose of abstracting in mind. Look specifically for these main parts: purpose, methods, scope, results, conclusions, and recommendations.
After you have finished rereading your report, write a rough draft without looking back at your report. Consider the main parts of the abstract listed in step #1. Do not merely copy key sentences from your report. You will put in too much or too little information. Do not summarize information in a new way.
Revise your rough draft to
Correct weaknesses in organization and coherence,
Drop superfluous information,
Add important information originally left out,
Eliminate wordiness, and
Correct errors in grammar and mechanics.
Carefully proofread your final copy.
Write with Might #30: How to Write an Abstract
This week's writing tip focuses on how to write an abstract, according to APA style. I understand that first-yearMSWs are finalizing their research projects this quarter and may appreciate a quick conversation on this aspect of research manuscripts. For those who are not currently working in research, having the ability to write an abstract is a valuable skill as we know that involvement in social work research has the power to change systems in the direction of social justice. The following information is adapted from the Purdue OWL website, with citation following.
Why an Abstract?
An abstract gives your reader a brief summary of the contents of your research manuscript. The process of writing it can actually be helpful to the writer as well! Consider writing your abstract before you have finished your first draft as the process can give you feedback on the clarity of your arguments and the organization of your thoughts.
Abstracts can also alert your reader to keywords from your work. Including keywords on your abstract page allows readers to locate your paper in databases with ease.
What Does it Include?
An abstract includes a succinct summary of the main ideas in your work. When writing the abstract, focus on including: the research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis and conclusions. Abstracts may also speak to the possible implications of your research and the direction you recommend for future research related to your work.
APA Formatting Details?
-The abstract lives on its own page that includes the header found throughout your paper.
-It is a single, double-spaced paragraph between 150-250 words.
-Write the word “Abstract” on the the first line of the abstract page. The word "Abstract" should be centered and in regular type. Do NOT use boldface, formatting extras, italics, underlining, or quotation marks, etc.
-To include your paper's keywords, write "keywords" indented and in italics with a colon following it. Then type the keywords in regular text.
Paiz, J., Angeli, E., Wagner, J., Lawrick, E., Moore, K., Anderson, M., Soderlund, L., Brizee, A., Keck, R. (March 1, 2013). General Format. Retrieved from: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/