The Ottoman Empire was one of the biggest empires in history, however the influence and power of the empire declined slowly until it diminished due to internal and external factors. This essay will compare and contrast the change in the Ottoman Empire between the golden age and the decline period in government and administration, military strength and economic power.
In the golden age of the Ottoman Empire, the empire controlled various parts of Europe combined with Asia with a strong government and administration. The empire was very powerful in its control and government. The ottoman gold age was during the life of the sultan Suleiman the magnificent. He encouraged expansion of the empire and seized control and instituted taxes in the trade routes between Europe and Asia, He made use of the resources of the empire making it very independent, the golden age also saw a rise in the empire in knowledge, technology and pushed the agenda for innovation the golden age also encouraged scientific researchers, engineers and specialized craftsmen to migrate into the ottoman empire living under the safe haven of the empire that welcomed people from different races and religions and encouraged them to live freely under the rule of one man they voted for from their religion as a spokesperson to the government and the sultan Christians and muslims together were selected for government posts, and administrative positions according to their merit. However in the decline of the Ottoman Empire, the empire was deemed very weak as it became very dependent to outside forces, and the decline of knowledge and power encouraged people to flee to other countries and the government became very weak as people started to be very unconnected from the government and their loyalty would be to their own chosen leader rather than the ottoman empire sultan. The decline of the empire also made other countries enforce power and exempt its citizens to ottoman law, which were called capitulations. The capitulations that somehow symbolized the decline of the power and made it very obvious that the empire was not able to control its law.
The military force of the Ottoman Empire during the gold age was one of the strongest militaries in the world. The military was feared and deemed very powerful by other countries due to the fact that have invaded very strong and powerful countries. The sultan encouraged military expansion during the golden age paying them very high salaries, in return for their loyalty. Muslims and non-Muslims were encouraged to join the army according to their merit. The sultan also formed some sort of special army made from very strong men that were trained and paid heavily and deprived from marriage and cold them janissaries. The decline in the ottoman empire saw few numbers of janissaries and corrupted army forces, the decline of the empire as a whole caused the military to focus on other things rather than training which made it very weak, the decline of weapon innovation and technology made the military power fall behind and become one of the weakest forces in the world.
The economic power of the Ottoman Empire reached its peak during the golden age. Where the power of the country was very noticeable that the country was almost independent to its resources like for example food and other necessities. Istanbul and other big cities were made very important due to trade, and the trade mostly involved luxury goods, and traders from different areas came together to trade in goods from all over the world. On the other hand, in the decline of the Ottoman Empire the west started making agreements with other countries which made them very weak and made them not the middle men in trade between east and west anymore, this however resulted in a very weak economy and dependency to the west, as products in the ottoman empire was bought from the west and national products were not being sold anymore. The country’s economical status diminished causing it to fail due to increased external trade and influence.
In my opinion, the worst decline in the ottoman empire would be the governmental control, as reformers tried to change the government but their tries were deemed to fail due to the fact that the government did not support change and innovation anymore, and focused on many sociology and art rather than the government, and economics and military power. The government was weakened to a point it did not even control its own territory that encouraged revolts and some countries wanting to separate from the Ottoman Empire. The agreements between the ottoman government and western countries however made the ottomans succumb to western rule causing it to be a weaker country that the government could not even enforce rules on most of its people and maybe caused most of the conservatives that were against the reform of the country to disregard the government.
Fall of the Ottoman Empire Essay
3046 WordsMay 8th, 201213 Pages
(Super Awesome Title)
The Ottoman empire; one of the greatest empires in history. The Empire, at its height, ruled most of the land around the Mediterranean. It contributed much to culture, science, religion, war, politics, and the world. Its monumental fall will be known throughout history. How can the swift decline of the Ottoman power be explained? Perhaps the best way to understand how important this event was, there needs to be a brief explanation of the history behind this epic collapse; showing the rise before the fall and the drastic change.
Like with many other empires in human history the Ottoman Empire seems to came out from nowhere. During the initial Ottoman expansion the Middle East and…show more content…
With improvements in communication the population that was distributed along the trade routes became concentrated on the centres. This population was highly affected by the economic competition of that time. The populations that moved into cities faced hardships which tested their patience, persistence, and adaptability. The Ottomans had to keep the system running under these social pressures.
Ottoman Turkey never developed extensive industry, though the lands it controlled had extensive natural resources. There were no universities or technical schools that could teach either the basic skills or the theoretical knowledge needed for an industrial revolution and a modern economy. Banks could not develop because of the Muslim prohibition on interest. Turkish guns and ships and railroads had to be purchased from France, Germany and Britain, who vied with each other for the lucrative trade. The Ottoman Empire did not produce much that could pay for these purchases and eventually went bankrupt, forcing its rulers to conclude disadvantageous terms with its European creditors.
3)The fall of the Ottoman state is often attributed to the failure of its economic structure. The otomman state had the following princibals:
Expansionism - ghaza or holy war against the non-Muslims in the frontiers
Absolutism - imperial dynasty and well set court system
Muslim law system - shariah (all embracing sacred law, based on Quran and sunnah)