The way you cite a play in your in-text citation will vary depending on if the play is a prose play (no line numbers) or a verse play (line numbers).
"In a reference to a commonly studied prose work, such as a novel or play, that is available in several editions, it is helpful to provide more information than just a page number from the edition used... In such a reference, give the page number first, add a semicolon, and then give other identifying information, using appropriate abbreviations."
In A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, Mary Wollstonecraft recollects many "women who, not led by degrees to proper studies, and not permitted to choose for themselves, have indeed been overgrown children" (185; ch. 13, sec. 2).
"In citing commonly studied verse plays and poems, omit page numbers altogether and cite by division (act, scene, canto, book, part) and line, with periods separating the various numbers"
In an example it gives for a citation of Act 5, scene 1, lines 5-12 of Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra, the in-text citation appears as: (Ant. 5.1.5-12). The handbook states that the titles of famous plays are often abbreviated.
The handbook also specifies that unless otherwise instructed, you should use arabic numerals even if the original play uses roman numerals. For example, the original play may say "Act VII" but you would still use "7" in your citation.
For the Works Cited page, the citation will vary depending on if the play is in an anthology, a collection of the author's work, or a stand-alone book.
If it is part of an anthology, follow this format:
Playwright last name, playwright first name. Title of play. Title of anthology. Editor of anthology. City of publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Page numbers. Medium of publication.
Williams, Tennessee. A Streetcar Named Desire. Great Plays of the 20th Century. Ed. Llewellyn Sinclair. Springfield: Random House, 2000. 10-42. Print.
If the play is part of a collection of the author's works, follow the format above but omit the part about an editor.
If the play is a stand-alone volume, cite it as you would a book:
Playwright last name, Playwright first name. Title. City of publication: Publisher, Year of publication. Medium of publication.
Williams, Tennessee. A Streetcar Named Desire. New York: New American Library, 1990. Print.
Quotations are word-for-word text included in your work and must be clearly distinguished from your own words and ideas. For short quotations (for example of less than four lines of prose or two to three short lines of poetry), use a brief phrase within your paragraph or sentence to introduce the quotation, before including it inside double quotation marks “ “. Give the page number for a discursive quotation, inside the end punctuation, for example:
As Neville states, “you should cite all sources and present full details of these in your list of references” (37).
Give the line number(s) for lines of poetry or a play script, for example:
Coward creates a delicate image of nature in “To a Maidenhair Fern”, which begins “You pretty thing/ each dainty frond unbending” (1-2).
In the Coward example, the name of the poem is given in quotation marks, as it is the title of a poem within a collected edition.
For longer quotations (of more than 4 lines of prose/ poetry) you use block quotation, without quotation marks, but clearly indented to indicate these words are not your own. Include the page/ line number outside of the end punctuation. For example:
Neville comments that:
It can sometimes be difficult, if not impossible, to avoid using some of the author’s original words, particularly those that describe or label phenomena. However, you need to avoid copying out what the author said, word for word. Choose words that you feel give a true impression of the author’s original ideas or action (38).
For poetry, either indent the full quotation and left align, or if appropriate, retain the unusual spacing. For example:
Coward creates an optimistic image of nature in “To a Maidenhair Fern”:
You pretty thing,
Each dainty frond unbending,
Like pearls on a string –
Your message in sending
A promise of spring (1-6).
The poem’s title will be included in the list of works cited/ bibliography:
Coward, Noel. “To a Maidenhair Fern.” The Complete Verse of Noël Coward. Ed. Barry Day. London: Methuen Drama, 2011. 72. Print.