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Citing Cases In Bibliography Oscillating Fan

Legal citations take a different form than journal article citations and are very specifically formatted and include many abbreviations, and they can be a challenge to create or understand.

As an example, the case Roe v. Wade would be cited: Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973).

The citation is read:

410 = Volume 410 of the

U.S. =  United States Reports

113 = case begins on page 113 

1973 = date of the case decision


The official reporter is the United States Reports (US) and the two unofficial, parallel reporters are the

Supreme Court Reporter (S.CT) and 

United States Supreme Court Reports Lawyers' Edition (L. Ed. or L.Ed.2nd).

The same case can also be found in the parallel reporters:

93 S.Ct. 705 = Volume 93 beginning at page 705

35 L.Ed.2d 147, Volume 35 at page 147.


Guide: How to cite a Court case in APA style

Use the following template to cite a court case using the APA citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the APA style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


Title, Volume numberDocument Title/NamePages Used (LocationYear Published).


Mustafa Erdogan and Others v. Turkey (European Court of Human Rights 2014).

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.


(Title, Year Published)


‘‘There is no Chinese wall between science and a democratic society. On the contrary, there can be no democratic society without free science and free scholars. This interrelationship is particularly strong in the context of social sciences and law, where scholarly discourse informs public discourse on public matters including those directly related to government and politics.’’ (Mustafa Erdogan and Others v. Turkey, 2014)

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Cite A Court case in APA style