Essay/Term paper: Philosophies of socrates, plato, and aristotle
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Philosophies of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle
The philosophies of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle had different points
of-view but they were also similar in some ways. For example, all three
philosophers had their own thoughts on the subject of justice and government.
Socrates belief on this matter was that democracy was an unwise form of
government. He thought that the electing of the people was unfair justice.
Plato had some of the same beliefs. He believed that government should only
have rulers who had the intelligence and education appropriate for the matter.
His thoughts were that a job should be done only by those who are best suited
for it. To him aristocracy was a perfect form of government.
The point of Socrate's philosophies were to make people think about the
questions he would often ask. The reason for these questions being asked were
to have people to their own thoughts and opinions toward life. He did not think
a person with the right mind should follow the steps of their ancestors.
Instead of going around asking questions, Plato, another philosopher, would
write his own conversations with imaginerary people. These conversations would
cover much of the same topics that Socrates had tried to cover earlier. These
topics mostly dealt with life such as government, opinions toward justice and
how people really viewed education.
Aristotle also had his own theories towards his belief of the "right
government". He wanted his results to show happiness among the people.
He'd mainly collect information from studying living creatures and
observing their living habits. He would do this so that he could see what
brought them happiness. His opinion toward life was that all people should live
a fair and happy life. After many attempts of forming the perfect government ,
his facts allowed him to believe that a perfect government could be formed only
by those who have a middle class. The middle class would consist of those who
were not rich yet not poor.
Both Aristotle and Plato had different thoughts on the division of the
government. Aristotle claimed to believe that a government should consist of
many classes for the protection of the people and the state. While Plato
disagreed and thought that dividing of power was unfair and cruel. In his mind,
he felt that those in the lower class could never have the chance to get any
higher in life.
Though all three philosophers felt that the government should be based
on the equalness of all the people, they all had different views on what
equality really meant. These philosophers all had their own way of gathering
information and passing it through the minds of others.
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Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle Essay
866 Words4 Pages
Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, three men considered to be the quintessential basis of ancient Greek philosophy. Not only were they responsible for Greek enlightenment, but also foreshadowed the coming of Christ in there speculations. Plato, the protégé of Socrates, became the first to document the philosophy of his teacher, which in turn is passed down to Aristotle. This process of mentoring aided ancient man in the intellectual evolution of politics and religion, known as the linear concept.
Socrates, the Athenian native ex-hoplite and his successors more often than not focused on three main schools of thought, religion, politics, and the spiritual essence. Socrates was not a defender of the gods, and…show more content…
In terms of democracy Socrates’ faith slight, he had his doubts, primarily because he did not condone empowering the uneducated. He felt that some were not educated enough and were ignorant to political and social complexities, therefore should not have the equality of a greater mind in the matter. He was later tried and convicted for corrupting the youth and atheism, not before passed all his philosophy to his prized student Plato.
Plato carried on Socrates’ unique approach to philosophy and extended it one step farther. He expanded largely on Socrates works on immortality of the soul, truth, the existence of man on two planes, and why, only after death, one could see truth more clearly in one of his most acclaimed works, the Doctrine of Pure Form and Ideas. The doctrine of pure form and ideas illustrated how man was deceived by his senses and that they masked the real truth. In fact, Plato argued that a man would see a horse for example, in a whole new light after death, because only then could he see the “pure form” after the mask of his mortal senses was lifted. Furthermore, he believed that a pure form, in other words an essence that can see all for its genuine truth created the world, which many consider the true beginning of monotheism.
On the other end of the spectrum are his political contributions, whereby he took Socrates’ criticism of democracy to a new level. Plato