...In the novel The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger, Holden Caulfield is troubled and needs the help of someone close to him to stop his downward spiral. His troubles cloud his mind and make it difficult for him to succeed in school, and to operate in the real world. Many try to give him advice to make him realize the errors he is making so he can correct them before there are serious effects. His sister, Phoebe, really offers the contrast to Holden and his immaturity and unrealistic beliefs. She tries giving him the advice that would end the freefall he is in. Phoebes advice is the only possible solution to help Holden, and his acceptance or denial will ultimately decide his future, whether he knows it or not. Phoebe is more mature than Holden, and she is six years younger than him. She understands that, despite what Holden thinks, growing up is necessary and inevitable. Holden has Peter Pan mentality, in that he doesnt want to grow up because he feels that adulthood corrupts the innocent minds of children. Phoebe tells Holden that he is just being ignorant and unrealistic, and that he has to grow up. She gets angry with him and tells him that he is too negative and that he doesnt like anything. She tells him to say one thing he liked, and the only thing he can think of is Allie, and Phoebe reminds him that he is dead. Phoebe makes Holden realize that his negative, immature, and pessimistic views have caused him to...
Read the following paragraph and answer the questions given at the end.
The truth of the saying that the child is father of the man will hardly be questioned by anyone who has observed life carefully. The qualities shown by a child are often indications of what the child is going to be when he grows up to be a man. What the child is indicates what the man will be. All the qualities: physical, mental and spiritual which will be found in the grown-up man may be found in germ in the child. As Milton says:
"The childhood shows the man,
As morning shows the day."
The habits and traits of a man are often only the developments of the habits and traits he had when he was a child. Look at a child carefully, and you can foretell into what kind of a man or woman that child is going to develop. "As the twig is bent, so the tree will grow" says an old proverb. Even in the case of a tree it is possible for us to tell beforehand how the tree will grow. If the young plant is strong and straight we can say that it will develop into a strong and straight tree. Children born and brought up in families which have some strongly marked moral weaknesses nearly always grow up with those moral weaknesses in them. On the other hand, children brought up in homes where the influences are healthy, nearly always grow up into men and women of strong character.
What do you think is the topic of the paragraph?
What is the main idea of the given paragraph?
What does the writer mean when he talks about the healthy influences in making the character of a child strong?